File Name: quorum sensing cell-to-cell communication in bacteria .zip
- Quorum sensing
- Programming the group behaviors of bacterial communities with synthetic cellular communication
- Inducible cell-to-cell signaling for tunable dynamics in microbial communities
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PLoS Pathog 17 1 : e This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License , which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited. The funders had no role in study design, data collection and analysis, decision to publish, or preparation of the manuscript. Competing interests: The authors have declared that no competing interests exist. Quorum sensing QS is a process of cell-to-cell communication that bacteria use to orchestrate collective behaviors in response to changes in cell population density and species composition of the community [ 1 ].
Bacteria can monitor and respond to changes to environmental conditions via a cell density process known as quorum sensing QS. Bacteria uses this process to monitor their community by producing, detecting and responding to low molecular mass signal molecules, called autoinducers AI. When the cell density increases the concentration of these signaling molecules will also increase. Once the accumulation of these molecules reaches a threshold, bacteria are collectively able to regulate gene expression and therefore cooperatively regulate their metabolic behavior. Quorum sensing has been shown to regulate a variety of processes in bacteria.
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Programming the group behaviors of bacterial communities with synthetic cellular communication
In biology , quorum sensing or quorum signalling  is the ability to detect and respond to cell population density by gene regulation. As one example, quorum sensing QS enables bacteria to restrict the expression of specific genes to the high cell densities at which the resulting phenotypes will be most beneficial. Many species of bacteria use quorum sensing to coordinate gene expression according to the density of their local population. In a similar fashion, some social insects use quorum sensing to determine where to nest. Quorum sensing may also be useful for cancer cell communications.
QUORUM SENSING: Cell-to-Cell Communication in Bacteria. Annual Review of Cell and Developmental Biology. Vol. Related Articles; Journal Most Downloaded Full Text HTML · Download PDF. Figures.
Inducible cell-to-cell signaling for tunable dynamics in microbial communities
Quorum sensing QS has emerged as a research hotspot in microbiology and medicine. QS is a regulatory cell communication system used by bacterial flora to signal to the external environment. QS influences bacterial growth, proliferation, biofilm formation, virulence factor production, antibiotic synthesis, and environmental adaptation. Through the QS system, natural products can regulate the growth of harmful bacteria and enhance the growth of beneficial bacteria, thereby improving human health.
Metrics details. Bacteria communicate extensively with each other and employ a communal approach to facilitate survival in hostile environments. A hierarchy of cell-to-cell signaling pathways regulates bacterial growth, metabolism, biofilm formation, virulence expression, and a myriad of other essential functions in bacterial populations.
Although it has been clear for some time that individual bacterial cells employ intra-cellular signalling systems to sense, integrate and process information from their surroundings, their widespread capacity to perceive information from other bacterial cells is only just beginning to be recognised. Recent work has established that diverse bacteria exploit a cell-cell communication device to regulate the transcription of multiple target genes. Quorum sensing is thus an example of multicellular behaviour in prokaryotes and regulates diverse physiological processes including bioluminescence, swarming, antibiotic biosynthesis, plasmid conjugal transfer and the production of virulence determinants in animal, fish and plant pathogens. In Gram-negative bacteria, the best understood family of signal molecules are the N-acylhomoserine lactones AHLs which vary predominantly in the presence or absence of an acyl chain C3 substituent oxo- or hydroxy- and length of the N-acyl side chain. However not all quorum sensing signal molecules are AHLs; in Gram-positive bacteria, they are often post-translationally modified peptides.
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