File Name: nigeria people and culture .zip
Welcome to our helpful guide for Nigeria.
Though there is archaeological evidence that societies have been living in Nigeria for more than twenty-five hundred years, the borders of modern Nigeria were not created until the British consolidated their colonial power over the area in The name Nigeria was suggested by British journalist Flora Shaw in the s. She referred to the area as Nigeria, after the Niger River, which dominates much of the country's landscape.
Nigerian People, History And Culture
Power Distance This dimension deals with the fact that all individuals in societies are not equal — it expresses the attitude of the culture towards these inequalities amongst us. Power Distance is defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally.
Nigeria scores high on this dimension score of 80 which means that people accept a hierarchical order in which everybody has a place and which needs no further justification. Hierarchy in an organization is seen as reflecting inherent inequalities, centralization is popular, subordinates expect to be told what to do and the ideal boss is a benevolent autocrat Individualism The fundamental issue addressed by this dimension is the degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members.
In Individualist societies people are supposed to look after themselves and their direct family only. Nigeria, with a score of 30 is considered a collectivistic society. Loyalty in a collectivist culture is paramount, and over-rides most other societal rules and regulations. The society fosters strong relationships where everyone takes responsibility for fellow members of their group.
A low score Feminine on the dimension means that the dominant values in society are caring for others and quality of life. A Feminine society is one where quality of life is the sign of success and standing out from the crowd is not admirable. The fundamental issue here is what motivates people, wanting to be the best Masculine or liking what you do Feminine. Nigeria scores 60 on this dimension and is thus a Masculine society.
Uncertainty Avoidance The dimension Uncertainty Avoidance has to do with the way that a society deals with the fact that the future can never be known: should we try to control the future or just let it happen?
This ambiguity brings with it anxiety and different cultures have learnt to deal with this anxiety in different ways. The extent to which the members of a culture feel threatened by ambiguous or unknown situations and have created beliefs and institutions that try to avoid these is reflected in the score on Uncertainty Avoidance. Nigeria receives an intermediate score of 55 on this dimension, which does not show a clear preference. Long Term Orientation This dimension describes how every society has to maintain some links with its own past while dealing with the challenges of the present and future , and societies prioritise these two existential goals differently.
Normative societies. Those with a culture which scores high, on the other hand, take a more pragmatic approach: they encourage thrift and efforts in modern education as a way to prepare for the future. Nigeria scores very low 13 on this dimension, meaning that its culture is normative instead of pragmatic. People in such societies have a strong concern with establishing the absolute Truth; they are normative in their thinking. They exhibit great respect for traditions, a relatively small propensity to save for the future, and a focus on achieving quick results.
Indulgence One challenge that confronts humanity, now and in the past, is the degree to which small children are socialized. This dimension is defined as the extent to which people try to control their desires and impulses , based on the way they were raised.
Cultures can, therefore, be described as Indulgent or Restrained. With a very high score of 84, Nigerian culture is said to be one of Indulgence. People in societies classified by a high score in Indulgence generally exhibit a willingness to realise their impulses and desires with regard to enjoying life and having fun. They possess a positive attitude and have a tendency towards optimism.
In addition, they place a higher degree of importance on leisure time, act as they please and spend money as they wish.
Culture of Nigeria
The culture of Nigeria is shaped by Nigeria 's multiple ethnic groups. The country has languages, seven of them are extinct. The three largest ethnic groups are the Hausas predominantly in the north, the Yorubas predominate in the southwest, and the Igbos in the southeast. There many other ethnic groups with sizeable population across the different parts of the country. The Kanuri people are located in the northeast part of Nigeria, the Tiv people of north central and the Efik - Ibibio. The Edo people are most frequent in the region between Yorubaland and Igboland. Many of the Edo tend to be Christian.
Famous for her huge population of more than million and with more than ethnics groups, Nigeria has the highest population in African continent. Another 10 per cent comprises of several other groups numbering more than 1 million members each, including the Kanuri, Tiv, and Ibibio. More than smaller ethnic groups account for the remaining 20 per cent of the population. With a population of over 30 million, they have the largest population in West Africa because of their intermarriages and constant interaction with different peoples. Read more. Igboland is the home of the Igbo people and it covers most of Southeast Nigeria.
Cultural practices in Nigeria
PIP: Nigeria has a rich cultural heritage. Cultural practices include extended family; adequate care for new mothers for 40 days after delivery; prolonged breastfeeding; and respect for elders. Many negative practices exist, most of them affecting the health of children and women. Child marriage is a common Nigerian practice.
Nigeria is one of the largest , km2 and geographically, socially and culturally most diversified African countries. It is the most populous country of Africa the population estimated at million in , and potentially one of the richest. Richly endowed with human and natural resources, benefiting of a large internal market, Nigeria is, however, highly dependant on external economic sector, particularly oil revenues 93 per cent of exports in
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