Climate Change Human Security And Violent Conflict Pdf

climate change human security and violent conflict pdf

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Climate-related security risks have far-reaching implications for the way the world manages peace and security. Climate security is a concept that summons the idea that climate-related change amplifies existing risks in society that endangers the security of humans, ecosystems, economy, infrastructure and societies.

Climate Change, Human Security and Violent Conflict

The issues of human security and conflict in relation to climate change have evolved to a place where they now constitute a recognized and important component in the climate change conversation, and are being addressed in a diverse range of fora through meetings, reports and changes in policy. It can contribute to instability, lead to displacement and migration, worsen existing conflicts and threaten global security.

Many developing countries, and particularly weaker and poorer States, have less capacity to prepare for and adapt to climate change, with a flood or drought capable of causing instability and unrest.

This ultimately reflects a lack of security in the daily lives of people. As climate change impacts worsen and temperatures rise, the threats to security have the potential to become more prominent and definitive. However, viewing climate change as a security threat is not something all countries have historically been comfortable with, or were even aware of. Moreover, the issue was not so prevalent and the linkages were more tenuous in the early stages of international discussions on climate change.

While today security is widely recognized as a legitimate concern in relation to climate change and is being addressed in various fora and international organizations, as mentioned, security-related concerns have yet to make their way into the formal climate change negotiations under the UNFCCC, the only global instrument to address climate change. As far back as , governments, and research and other organizations were beginning to address the issue of security and climate change.

In , the UN Security Council held its first-ever debate on the impacts of climate change on peace and security; [8] however, some countries questioned whether the Security Council was the appropriate place to discuss the issue. It concludes that climate change is projected to increase the displacement of people due to a lack of resources and extreme weather events, in both rural and urban areas, particularly in low-income developing countries, and has the potential to indirectly increase the risk of violent conflicts, such as civil war and inter-group violence, by exacerbating well-documented conflict drivers, such as poverty and economic shocks.

Climate change also impacts on the infrastructure and territorial integrity of States, and, as such, is expected to influence national security policies. In addition, some transboundary impacts, such as on water resources, can increase rivalries.

While effective and strengthened national and intergovernmental institutions and strong governance at the State level can help enhance cooperation and manage such conflicts, this is not always possible in weaker or fragile States. In addition, according to the report, increased flooding in low-lying urban areas, such as Dhaka, Jakarta and Mumbai, could lead to unprecedented levels of dislocation and mass migration, exerting more pressure on infrastructure and resources.

The US Department of Defense report mentioned above also describes how drought and food shortages might spark political unrest in the Middle East and Africa, for example. As described in a special issue of Political Geography exploring the links between climate change and violent conflict, [17] climate change can lead to a decrease in such resources as food or water, resulting in either fighting over resources due to increased scarcity or migration, internally or across borders.

Thus, planning is critical, and the unexpected must be anticipated and prepared for through adaptation actions and resilience building. Some are beginning to assess what is being done, as well as what can and should be done in the near future. For example, the American Security Project released preliminary results on a Climate Change and Global Security Defense Index [21] that details how governments around the world are planning for and anticipating the strategic threats of climate change, by consolidating the attitudes of militaries and security establishments toward climate change and comparing national, regional and multilateral security approaches.

While the security dimension of climate change is more evident than ever, the issue is still not being addressed by the international climate regime, nor does it have any legal force or backing. However, countries, organizations and various studies and reports are continuing to highlight the issue, and some countries are making changes to their national policies to accommodate these concerns and threats.

As threats proliferate and become more diverse and the planet continues to warm, such security concerns will become more international in nature, go beyond borders, as climate change itself, and will require a more concerted international response.

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Climate security

The security challenges posed by climate change are multifaceted and affect human, community and state security. Climate change also has short-, medium- and long-term impacts, which makes the time perspective adopted key. In addition, the impacts of climate change on, for instance, food or water security are heavily dependent on socio-economic conditions, which means that the same impact might have diverse consequences depending on the context. Hence, climate change puts additional pressures on current vulnerabilities for humans and societies across the world, and has particularly adverse effects in already fragile contexts. One class of security challenge in relation to a changing climate is the increased risk of violent conflict.

Introduction: Climate Change, Human Security, and Violent Conflict in the Anthropocene

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. DOI: Adger Published Political Geography.

Does climate change increase the risk of violent conflict? This paper from Political Geography integrates three bodies of research on the vulnerability of local places and social groups to climate change, livelihoods and violent conflict, and the role of the state in development and peacemaking. Climate change reduces access to natural resources and undermines state capacity to help people sustain livelihoods. These impacts may in certain circumstances increase the risk of violent conflict, but further investigation is needed. Climate change poses risks to human security both through changes in mean conditions and the severity and frequency of natural disasters.

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Climate change poses several threats to human security. Hydro-climatic hazards such as droughts and floods have the potential to trigger or exacerbate social tensions, intra- and inter-state conflict. The project will also develop recommendations for the best types of policies and institutions to avoid or better prepare for water conflicts related to climate change. Potential links between climate change impacts and violent conflict have received wide public attention. However, the alleged causal relationship between water shortages and violent conflict is as a general rule based on single case studies and have not been confirmed by large comparative studies.

Severe droughts, damaging floods and mass migration: Climate change is becoming a focal point for security and conflict research and a challenge for the world's governance structures. But how severe are the security risks and conflict potentials of climate change? Could global warming trigger a sequence of events leading to economic decline, social unrest and political instability? What are the causal relationships between resource scarcity and violent conflict? This book brings together international experts to explore these questions using in-depth case studies from around the world.

It seems that you're in Germany. We have a dedicated site for Germany. Editors: Scheffran , J.

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Climate Change, Human Security and Violent Conflict - Challenges for Societal Stability

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