File Name: phd viva questions and answers .zip
There are three reasons why PhD candidates have to have a viva: it is so the examiners can see:. These are the points being examined according to Alex Gray from the University of Cardiff :.
- 7 viva questions you should prepare in advance
- Top 40 Potential Viva Questions
- Practice Viva Questions
- 5 tips for passing your PhD viva
The nature of the exam at the end of your PhD journey that determines whether you are awarded your doctorate or not can be a daunting and overwhelming thought. So, naturally the need for any PhD student is to be as prepared as possible.
7 viva questions you should prepare in advance
Every Doctoral researcher has to defend their thesis in front of an examination panel - so discover how to prepare for your PhD viva and ensure you make a good impression. A viva voce is an oral test, which literally translated means 'with the living voice'. It's a focused discussion giving you the opportunity to defend your PhD thesis in front of a panel of academic experts.
Traditionally, your thesis would always be discussed in person, with the interview style exam overseen by at least two internal and external examiners. Afterwards, they would provide you with a joint written report detailing any corrections that need to be made. The virtual experience will still likely follow the same format, but you'll be briefed in advance about the arrangements and any technical aspects to bear in mind.
To prepare for this, you can read our video interview tips. The chair of the viva is usually the internal examiner, although it can be an independent person. If you and the examiners agree, your PhD supervisor can also be present. The examiners' main objective is to ascertain that you've written your own thesis, so if you have and are ready to talk through how you completed it, there's no need to panic. You may even enjoy the viva voce. In addition to assessing your thesis, the examiners are also there to assist you in deciding how and where this research might be published.
There are various results between a 'pass' and 'fail' but it's very rare to slip up at this point of a PhD. Most Doctorate awards will be made upon the condition that a number of minor corrections are made, with re-submission requests far less common. However, while the pass rate is high, the viva exam itself can still be intellectually demanding. This is because you'll be debating issues that are conceptually complex, so preparation is crucial to your success.
At the end of it, whatever the outcome, be prepared to take on board any advice, as the examiners are there to help you improve your argument or the presentation of your thesis. While you can be sure this isn't a memory test - as you're fine bringing notes and a copy of your thesis with you to the PhD viva - it's still important to gain a good understanding of what you've written and knowledge about your field of study.
You'll need to think carefully about where this original piece of work would be placed in the context of the wider body of research carried out in this field. Questions will surely be asked about this, as well as whether the project could possibly be developed further through any future research.
As you'll be explaining parts of the document to the examiners who'll also have a digital or physical copy , make sure the pagination is the same in your version as the one they're looking at to avoid any issues regarding everybody being on the same page. If you get stuck at any point during the viva exam, you can use looking at the thesis as an excuse to re-focus and gather your thoughts.
The examiners will have prepared a series of questions for you to answer at the viva voce, but this is nothing to get too concerned about. The questions will all be based on your thesis - what it's about, what you did, what you found out and why this matters in relation to your field of study.
So when getting ready for the viva, consider the types of questions you're likely to be asked, including:. It can be helpful to practise your answers beforehand, ideally vocalising them by arranging a mock mini viva - although, as you aren't restricted in terms of referring to notes in the exam, you can leave room for spontaneity and you don't need to learn it all off by heart. If your viva is being held online, you can ensure any technical issues are identified before the day by having a run through with your supervisor or a friend.
While it may sound simple, stick to answering the questions posed. It's really easy to go off on a tangent and this can open up other lines of enquiry from the examiners - possibly in areas you hadn't expected to be quizzed about. On the other hand, it's completely fine to bring personality to your reasoning and use stories as a means of describing the learning process you've gone through and the techniques mastered over the last three or four years that have brought you to this point.
The senior and well-respected academics who'll be reading your thesis will have their own ideas on conducting PhD standard research. Therefore, it's worth taking a look online at their academic profiles to discover if there's any correlation with the research they've had published and your own work. From this, you should be able to gain a better idea of their motivations, their possible views on your thesis and the kinds of questions they might wish to discuss after having read through it.
You should research up-to-date theories, read any recent papers on the subject and speak to others who've recently had their own viva exam. Think about how your work differentiates from the research carried out by others in your chosen field. Prepare to provide any supporting evidence asked of you by the examiners - for example, they may request to see experimental data you mention once the exam's over.
It's also necessary to check the policies and practices in place at your university and be sure of what the roles of the examiners are and how the viva panel will be structured. In many cases, Doctoral students can choose the examiners conducting the PhD viva. From the moment you know the date of your viva voce, work backwards and plan the steps you'll need to take before the day itself. Allow enough time to assess and review your work so that as the day approaches, you can focus on the practicalities.
This encompasses everything from making sure you relax, eat and sleep well the day before to arranging transport so you get to the viva on time - if you're attending in person.
An online PhD viva will present its own challenges, so ensure your working space is presentable and you still make an effort in terms of what you'll be wearing. It's always advisable to adhere to interview etiquette and go with something that's both smart and comfortable. By looking the part, this should get you in the right frame of mind to communicate in a professional manner. In the build-up, avoid any situations that might make you feel stressed and instead try to adopt a positive attitude, one that results in a genuine eagerness to engage in a debate about the work you've been toiling over for a substantial period of time.
If you are travelling to the examination, be sure to check that you have everything you wish to take with you, including the thesis, plus any notes or other materials that will help support your claims. The PhD viva can last between one and four hours - usually two - so it's necessary to pace yourself to get off to the best possible start.
Remember, the examiners aren't trying to trip you up - they want you to pass and are primarily there to hear you talk about your project. So after the polite introductions they'll typically start with an ice-breaker to put you at ease and help calm the nerves. It's meant to be an open and honest conversation about your work, so feel free to politely disagree with the examiners, especially on areas you feel strongly about.
Don't forget to use examples from your thesis to back up what you're saying, remembering to be clear and concise.
If you know your way around your thesis and can explain your thinking and way of working, this test shouldn't be a problem. And if you don't know the answer to a specific question - admit it, as it's better to concede your limitations in an area than ramble on and hope they don't notice you're struggling to come up with an explanation.
No research is perfect, so it's important to appreciate this during the discussion - but don't be too overcritical about your work either, as that's not your job. Finally, as the PhD viva can quickly move from a series of friendly questions to those that are more in-depth, take some time to think before answering.
Don't worry about any periods of silence from the examiners, as this certainly isn't an indication that you're doing badly. Jobs and work experience Search graduate jobs Job profiles Work experience and internships Employer profiles What job would suit me? Job sectors Apprenticeships Working abroad Gap year Self-employment. Search postgraduate courses Funding postgraduate study Universities and departments Study abroad Conversion courses Law qualifications.
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PhD study. On this page 1. Understand what's expected of you 2. Know your thesis inside out 3. Anticipate the viva questions 4. Learn about your examiners' own work 5. Plan towards the viva exam.
View all PhD opportunities. Every Doctoral researcher has to defend their thesis in front of an examination panel - so discover how to prepare for your PhD viva and ensure you make a good impression 1.
Understand what's expected of you A viva voce is an oral test, which literally translated means 'with the living voice'. Know your thesis inside out While you can be sure this isn't a memory test - as you're fine bringing notes and a copy of your thesis with you to the PhD viva - it's still important to gain a good understanding of what you've written and knowledge about your field of study. Anticipate the viva questions The examiners will have prepared a series of questions for you to answer at the viva voce, but this is nothing to get too concerned about.
So when getting ready for the viva, consider the types of questions you're likely to be asked, including: What original contribution has your thesis made to this field of study? Explain the main research questions you were hoping to address. What are the strengths and weaknesses of your thesis?
If you had to start the thesis again, what would you do differently? If funding was no object, describe how you'd follow on from this project. What are your plans for the future? Learn about your examiners' own work The senior and well-respected academics who'll be reading your thesis will have their own ideas on conducting PhD standard research.
Plan towards the viva exam From the moment you know the date of your viva voce, work backwards and plan the steps you'll need to take before the day itself.
Find out more Explore possible careers at your PhD, what next? Consider getting an academic job. How would you rate this page? On a scale where 1 is dislike and 5 is like Something went wrong. Please try again. Tell us why Do not fill this in.
Top 40 Potential Viva Questions
It might be a rational concern or an irrational worry, but either way, you can do something about it. Whatever the question is about, if you know it troubles you before the viva then you can do something to prepare for it. Every single question in the viva comes as a result of your research and your thesis. Every single question in the viva is being asked for a reason. It might not be immediately clear to you what that reason is.
This means that the admission committee thinks you are qualified and capable of doing a PhD at their university. While you cannot predict the exact questions you will be asked, certain topics are almost inevitable. Here are ten common PhD interview questions. This is a popular opener for just about any type of interview. Make sure to your response is relevant to the context of a PhD interview.
Every Doctoral researcher has to defend their thesis in front of an examination panel - so discover how to prepare for your PhD viva and ensure you make a good impression. A viva voce is an oral test, which literally translated means 'with the living voice'. It's a focused discussion giving you the opportunity to defend your PhD thesis in front of a panel of academic experts. Traditionally, your thesis would always be discussed in person, with the interview style exam overseen by at least two internal and external examiners. Afterwards, they would provide you with a joint written report detailing any corrections that need to be made. The virtual experience will still likely follow the same format, but you'll be briefed in advance about the arrangements and any technical aspects to bear in mind. To prepare for this, you can read our video interview tips.
Practice Viva Questions
Skip to content. Skip to navigation. Every viva examination is different, so it is not possible to know in advance exactly what the examiners will ask you. However, there are some common questions which you may like to practice as part of your own preparations.
5 tips for passing your PhD viva
I submitted my thesis way back in March but, somewhere between CREET and the Research School, the documentation was lost or abandoned for a couple of months. Of course, successfully completing a viva affects all sorts of things: employment prospects, roles I can take on at the university, status, pay — and I could have done without lying in intensive care worrying about the event itself. Someone, somewhere at the university has messed things up big time — not that they are apologising for it, or even owning up. Can you start by summarising your thesis? Now, can you summarise it in one sentence?
А потом раздался нечеловеческий крик. Это был протяжный вопль ужаса, издаваемый умирающим зверем. Сьюзан замерла возле вентиляционного люка. Крик оборвался столь же внезапно, как и раздался. Затем наступила тишина. Мгновение спустя, словно в дешевом фильме ужасов, свет в ванной начал медленно гаснуть.
Но чего еще можно было ждать от Танкадо - что он сохранит кольцо для них, будучи уверенным в том, что они-то его и убили. И все же Сьюзан не могла поверить, что Танкадо допустил бы. Ведь он был пацифистом и не стремился к разрушению. Он лишь хотел, чтобы восторжествовала правда. Это касалось ТРАНСТЕКСТА. Это касалось и права людей хранить личные секреты, а ведь АНБ следит за всеми и каждым. Уничтожение банка данных АНБ - акт агрессии, на которую, была уверена Сьюзан, Танкадо никогда бы не пошел.
Я прав. Сеньор Ролдан уловил некоторое замешательство на другом конце провода. - Ну, на самом деле .
Беккер задумался: Я бы хотел, чтобы ты как следует вымыл голову, научился говорить по-человечески и нашел себе работу. Но решил, что хочет от этого парня слишком многого. - Мне нужна кое-какая информация, - сказал .
Энсей Танкадо сделал карьеру на простых числах. Простые числа - главные строительные блоки шифровальных алгоритмов, они обладали уникальной ценностью сами по. Эти числа отлично работают при создании шифров, потому что компьютеры не могут угадать их с помощью обычного числового дерева. Соши даже подпрыгнула. - Да.
В условиях, когда пользователи были убеждены, что закодированные с помощью компьютера сообщения не поддаются расшифровке - даже усилиями всемогущего АНБ, - секреты потекли рекой. Наркобароны, боссы, террористы и люди, занятые отмыванием криминальных денег, которым надоели перехваты и прослушивание их переговоров по сотовым телефонам, обратились к новейшему средству мгновенной передачи сообщений по всему миру - электронной почте. Теперь, считали они, им уже нечего было опасаться, представ перед Большим жюри, услышать собственный записанный на пленку голос как доказательство давно забытого телефонного разговора, перехваченного спутником АНБ. Никогда еще получение разведывательной информации не было столь легким делом. Шифры, перехваченные АНБ, вводились в ТРАНСТЕКСТ и через несколько минуты выплевывались из машины в виде открытого текста.