Air Pollution Causes Effects And Control Measures Pdf

air pollution causes effects and control measures pdf

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Air pollution is the presence of substances in the atmosphere that are harmful to the health of humans and other living beings , or cause damage to the climate or to materials. There are different types of air pollutants, such as gases such as ammonia , carbon monoxide , sulfur dioxide , nitrous oxides , methane and chlorofluorocarbons , particulates both organic and inorganic , and biological molecules.

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Environmental and Health Impacts of Air Pollution: A Review

Theory of Environmental Pollution is one among them. In this article, we have thoroughly discussed the types, causes and impacts of different pollutions affecting humankind. Kidney problems, irritation in eyes, nose and throat, asthma, hypertension and carcinogenic effects on lungs. The improvement of nutrients in water bodies causes eutrophication. Domestic waste discharge, agricultural waste, land drainage and industrial waste in a water body leads to a rapid increase in nutrients in a water body which initiates early ageing of water bodies.

Environment Pollution Part2. Daily Practice Quizzes, Attempt Here. Murali T N Oct 25, Anjali Prabha Nov 15, Sagar Lado Nov 15, Sandhya Singh Nov 16, Sangam Mishra Nov 16, Janhavi Yadav Nov 20, Muskan Thakur Dec 11, Ranu Panwar Mar 3, Rishika Sharma Aug 7, Arpit Kumar Jain Read in Hindi.

Share via. Environment Pollution is the addition of contaminants into the natural environment that causes detrimental effects to nature, natural resources and mankind. Any unnatural and negative changes in all the dimensions like chemical, physical and biological characteristics of any component of the ecosystem i.

What is a Pollutant? Any substance which causes harmful effects or uneasiness in the organisms, then that particular substance may be called as the pollutant.

The materials that cause pollution are of two types: Persistent pollutants: Those pollutants which remain consistent in the environment for a long period of time without any change in its original form are called persistent pollutants. For example pesticides, nuclear wastes, and plastics etc. DDT, Plastic Secondary Pollutants : Secondary pollutants are formed due to interaction of primary pollutants amongst themselves viz.

Fungicides, herbicides etc. It is the contaminants of air by the discharge of detrimental substances. Some of the air pollutants, their sources, and effects: Name of the pollutants Sources Health effects Nitrogen oxides Industries, vehicles and power plants Problems in the lungs, respiratory systems and causes asthma and bronchitis.

Carbon monoxide Emission and burning of fossil fuels Severe headache, irritation to mucous membrane, unconsciousness and death. Carbon dioxide Burning of fossil fuels Vision problem, severe headache and heart strain. Suspended particulate matter Vehicular emission and burning of fossil fuels. Lung irritation reduces development of RBC and pulmonary malfunctioning. Sulphur oxide Industries and power plant Irritation in eyes and throat, allergies, cough etc.

Smog Industries and vehicular pollution Respiratory and eye problems Hydrocarbons Burning of fossil fuels Kidney problems, irritation in eyes, nose and throat, asthma, hypertension and carcinogenic effects on lungs. Control measures: Policy measures Modification of industrial process and selection of suitable fuels and its utilization. Collection of pollutants and convert it into less toxic forms by different methods. Water pollution is not only confined to surface water but also spread to groundwater, sea, and ocean.

Some of the sources are: Industrial and community wastewater: Industries like mining, iron and steel, pharmaceuticals, food processing, soap and detergent and paper and pulp. Agricultural sources, thermal pollution discharge of hot water by thermal power plants cause deficiency of dissolved oxygen in water and underground water pollution. Marine pollution: river discharge, manmade pollution and oil spills etc. Effects An excessive amount of mercury in water can cause Minamata disease in humans and dropsy in fishes; Lead in large amount can cause dyslexia, Cadmium poisoning causes Itai — Itai disease, etc.

Polluted water has less amount of Dissolved oxygen DO content which is important for sensitive organisms, thereby eliminates sensitive organisms.

Excess of nitrate in drinking water is dangerous for infants and human health, excess fluoride cause neuromuscular disorder and teeth deformity, hardening of bones and painful joints. Biological magnification and eutrophication. Control measures Usage of water should be minimized by changing the techniques involved.

Recycling and treatment of water should be used to the maximum extent possible. The quantity of discharge of wastewater can be minimized. Excessive use of pesticides and fertilizers should be avoided. Organic farming and efficient use of animal residues as fertilizers. The factors which disturb the biological balance of the soil and deteriorate the quality, texture, and mineral content are called soil pollutants.

Use of fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides, dumping of solid waste, deforestation, and pollution due to urbanization and other anthropogenic substances causes soil pollution. Sources Industrial waste: lead, cadmium, mercury, alkalies, organic substances, and chemicals. Agricultural waste: fertilizers, pesticides, insecticides, and manures. Discarded materials and radioactive elements and plastic bags. Effects Agriculture: It reduces soil fertility and thus crop yields; increase soil erosion and salinity.

Ecological imbalance and imbalance in flora and fauna further increases. Problems in urban areas like clogging in drains, the release of gases, foul smells, and problems in wastewater management. Release of radioactive rays, biomagnification and pollutant gases cause health problems.

Control measures Afforestation, reforestation and use of organic farming. Solid waste management and reduction of waste from the construction area. Stop the use of plastic bags and use bags of degradable materials like paper and cloth.

Biomedical waste should be collected and incinerated in incinerators. Score Better. Go Gradeup. Share this article. Member since Jun Thanks mam. Anjali Prabha Nov 15, Report. Sagar Lado Nov 15, Report. It humble request to you sir Provide pdf format. Sandhya Singh Nov 16, Report. Sangam Mishra Nov 16, Report. Janhavi Yadav Nov 20, Report.

Muskan Thakur Dec 11, Report. Ranu Panwar Mar 3, Report. Rishika Sharma Aug 7, Report. Related Posts. GradeStack Learning Pvt.

Air Pollution -causes, effects and control measures

One of our era's greatest scourges is air pollution, on account not only of its impact on climate change but also its impact on public and individual health due to increasing morbidity and mortality. There are many pollutants that are major factors in disease in humans. Among them, Particulate Matter PM , particles of variable but very small diameter, penetrate the respiratory system via inhalation, causing respiratory and cardiovascular diseases, reproductive and central nervous system dysfunctions, and cancer. Despite the fact that ozone in the stratosphere plays a protective role against ultraviolet irradiation, it is harmful when in high concentration at ground level, also affecting the respiratory and cardiovascular system. Furthermore, nitrogen oxide, sulfur dioxide, Volatile Organic Compounds VOCs , dioxins, and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons PAHs are all considered air pollutants that are harmful to humans. Carbon monoxide can even provoke direct poisoning when breathed in at high levels.

Air pollution control , the techniques employed to reduce or eliminate the emission into the atmosphere of substances that can harm the environment or human health. The control of air pollution is one of the principal areas of pollution control , along with wastewater treatment , solid-waste management , and hazardous-waste management. Air is considered to be polluted when it contains certain substances in concentrations high enough and for durations long enough to cause harm or undesirable effects. These include adverse effects on human health, property, and atmospheric visibility. The atmosphere is susceptible to pollution from natural sources as well as from human activities.

Slideshare uses cookies to improve functionality and performance, and to provide you with relevant advertising. If you continue browsing the site, you agree to the use of cookies on this website. See our User Agreement and Privacy Policy. See our Privacy Policy and User Agreement for details. Published on Nov 28, A brief introduction on Environmental Pollution by M. Shanmugaraj M.

By minimizing and reducing the use of fire and fire products. Since industrial emissions are one of the major causes of air pollution, the pollutants can be controlled or treated at the source itself to reduce its effects. Sometimes controlling pollutants at the source is not possible.

Environmental and Health Impacts of Air Pollution: A Review

Theory of Environmental Pollution is one among them. In this article, we have thoroughly discussed the types, causes and impacts of different pollutions affecting humankind. Kidney problems, irritation in eyes, nose and throat, asthma, hypertension and carcinogenic effects on lungs.

 - Соши. Соши Кута, тонкая как проволока, весила не больше сорока килограммов. Она была его помощницей, прекрасным техником лаборатории систем безопасности, выпускницей Массачусетс кого технологического института. Она часто работала с ним допоздна и, единственная из всех сотрудников, нисколько его не боялась. Соши посмотрела на него с укором и сердито спросила: - Какого дьявола вы не отвечаете.

 - Вы не первый.

Environment Pollution: Types, Causes, Effects (PDF Download)

Он отпил глоток кофе.  - А теперь прошу меня извинить. Мне нужно поработать. У Мидж отвисла челюсть.

 Мы терпим бедствие! - крикнул техник.  - Все линии устремились к центру. С левого экрана в камеру неотрывно смотрели Дэвид и агенты Смит и Колиандер.

causes detrimental effects to nature, natural resources and mankind. Some of the air pollutants, their sources, and effects: Name of the Control measures.

Стратмор пожал плечами. - Танкадо выехал из Японии. Он собирался следить за ходом аукциона по телефону. Но нам известно, где. - И вы не хотите ничего предпринять.

Внизу что-то щелкнуло. Затем он снял наружную защелку в форме бабочки, снова огляделся вокруг и потянул дверцу на. Она была небольшой, приблизительно, наверное, метр на метр, но очень тяжелой. Когда люк открылся, Чатрукьян невольно отпрянул. Струя горячего воздуха, напоенного фреоном, ударила ему прямо в лицо.

 - Джабба театральным жестом указал на громадный экран.  - Дамы и господа, - он опять тяжело вздохнул, - перед вами компьютерный агрессор-камикадзе… червь. - Червь? - с недоумением переспросил Бринкерхофф. Название показалось ему чересчур земным для такого агрессора.

Ну и ну, - ужаснулась.  - Шестьсот сорок семь ссылок на уран, плутоний и атомные бомбы. Похоже, это то, что нам .

Я хотел бы получить информацию о нем, с тем чтобы посольство могло оплатить его лечение. - Прекрасно, - прозвучал женский голос.  - Я пошлю эту информацию в посольство в понедельник прямо с утра. - Мне очень важно получить ее именно. - Это невозможно, - раздраженно ответила женщина.

Выходила только абракадабра. Похоже, не один Танкадо умел создавать абсолютно стойкие шифры. Ее мысли прервал шипящий звук открываемой пневматической двери. В Третий узел заглянул Стратмор. - Какие-нибудь новости, Сьюзан? - спросил Стратмор и тут же замолчал, увидав Грега Хейла.

Она извинилась, предположила, что Беккер перепутал агентство, и, наконец, положила трубку. Первая попытка закончилась неудачей. Нахмурившись, Беккер набрал второй номер. И на другом конце сразу же сняли трубку. - Buenas noches, Mujeres Espana.

Его так все называют. Им пользуются студенты, потому что билет стоит гроши. Сиди себе в заднем салоне и докуривай окурки.

Относительно. - Относительно его поездки. Я отправил Дэвида в Испанию. ГЛАВА 11 Испания. Я отправил Дэвида в Испанию.

В отношении шифровалки в АНБ сложилась своеобразная философия. Нет смысла вбухивать миллиарды долларов в дешифровальный компьютер и одновременно экономить на тех, кто работает на этой превосходной технике. Сьюзан скинула туфли на низких каблуках от Сальваторе Феррагамо и блаженно погрузила обтянутые чулками ноги в густой шерстяной ковер.

What is Air Pollution?

 - Прости, не мог позвонить раньше, - успел сказать. Подумал, не рассказать ли ей. Но решил этого не делать.  - Позвони коммандеру.

Казалось, вспыхнувшая на его глазах перепалка абсолютно его не касается. Очевидно, Стратмор вдруг задумался:. У Сьюзан имелся на это ответ.

 - Пойду я! - Ее тон говорил о том, что возражений она не потерпит. Стратмор закрыл лицо руками. - Хорошо. Это на нижнем этаже.

 Конечно же, это убийца! - закричал Бринкерхофф.


Sora A.


Air pollution is one such form that refers to the contamination of the air, irrespective of indoors or outside.

Fabienne B.


When many of us think of pollution, images of smoggy cities and litter-infested oceans come to mind.

Donny H.


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CumelГ©n S.


CAUSES, EFFECTS AND CONTROL MEASURES OF AIR POLLUTION (PART II). In summary we can say the major causes of air pollution are burning of fossil.