File Name: justice and development party in turkey .zip
- Rural roots of the rise of the Justice and Development Party in Turkey
- Justice and Development Party (Turkey)
- Turkey’s Political Parties
This is a particularly interesting phenomenon because the great majority of the opposition and other parties believe that the AKP has waged a war against agriculture and farmers with the aim of completely de-agrarianising the country and making it entirely dependent on agricultural imports.
Rural roots of the rise of the Justice and Development Party in Turkey
The party suffered a setback in the local elections , losing Istanbul and Ankara and other large cities, losses attributed to the Turkish economic crisis , accusations of authoritarianism, as well as alleged government inaction on the Syrian refugee crisis. Founded in , the party has a strong base of support among pious Muslims and arose from the conservative tradition of Turkey's Ottoman past and its Islamic identity,  though the party strongly denies it is Islamist. The party has been credited by many with passing a series of reforms from to that increased accessibility to healthcare and housing, distributed food subsidies, increased funding for students, improved infrastructure in poorer districts, privatized state-owned businesses, increased civilian oversight of the powerful military, overcame economic crises and oversaw high rates of growth of GDP and per capita income. The AKP government has also lifted bans on religious and conservative dress e. This has brought allegations that it is covertly undermining Turkish constitutional secular principles the Turkish constitution forbids sharia in the legal code or religious political parties, and courts have banned several parties for violating secular principles and led to two unsuccessful court cases attempting to close the party in and More recently, in , nationwide protests broke out against the alleged authoritarianism of the AKP government, the party's EU accession negotiations have stalled,  the AKP government has been accused of crony capitalism ,  and criticized its plans to centralized power in the Turkish state,  and restrictions on civil liberties such as temporarily blocking access to Twitter and YouTube in March
Islamic groups have increasingly had a substantial political impact throughout the Muslim world. Analyzing the differences between various types of Islamic groups is crucial to understanding the multiple aspects of this impact. The first one is an Islamist political party, which aspires to a top-down Islamization of socio-political life. The second one is an Islamic movement, which seeks a more bottom-up Islamization. Oxford University Press is a department of the University of Oxford. It furthers the University's objective of excellence in research, scholarship, and education by publishing worldwide. Sign In or Create an Account.
Justice and Development Party (Turkey)
Unlike its predecessors, the AKP did not centre its image around an Islamic identity; indeed, its leaders underscored that it was not an Islamist party and emphasized that its focus was democratization, not the politicization of religion. In spite of the fact that the AKP was a relatively new party, it won enough seats in the November parliamentary elections to earn an absolute majority in the seat parliament. The next year the AKP was broadly successful in municipal elections. In response to the subsequent stalemate, early general elections were held in July of that year and yielded an overwhelming victory for the AKP. Later that year a constitutional referendum changed the election process for the presidency to a direct election. The AKP and its secular opponents clashed again in early , when parliament passed an amendment that lifted a ban on head scarves—an outward sign of religion long contested in Turkey—on university campuses. In September the AKP achieved a victory when a package of constitutional amendments proposed by the party was approved in a national referendum.
The Turkish elections of November brought a new Islamic-oriented political party to power, with almost two-thirds of the seats in Parliament. The success of AKP reflected the population's dissatisfaction with the ruling regime and its economic policy, but also constituted a major change in political Islam manifest in a significantly more liberal and pro-West discourse and program than its predecessors. There are disagreements over how sincere this change is and how long it can be sustained. Some argue that the AKP will eventually clash with Turkey's secular political and military establishment, while others expect that the AKP will gradually transform Turkey's political centre by making it more Islamic and less secular. AKP's record so far has been mixed in terms of validating either view. Based on the premise that sustainable transformation of a political party depends on a shift in the values of the constituency, this project aims to assess whether the change in AKP is sustainable. Researchers will systematically examine the content of representative conservative Islamist newspapers and economic associations to determine whether the discursive changes preceded or followed major events, both domestic and external.
Turkey’s Political Parties
Keywords: Justice and Development Party , Turkish politics , conservative democracy , political movement , foreign policy. Access to the complete content on Oxford Handbooks Online requires a subscription or purchase. Public users are able to search the site and view the abstracts and keywords for each book and chapter without a subscription. Please subscribe or login to access full text content. If you have purchased a print title that contains an access token, please see the token for information about how to register your code.
ГЛАВА 8 Двухмоторный Лирджет-60 коснулся раскаленной посадочной полосы. Голый ландшафт испанской нижней Эстремадуры бежал за окном, слившись в неразличимый фон, затем замедлил свой бег. - Мистер Беккер! - послышался голос.
Давай. Все ждали, когда Соши откроет нужный раздел. - Вот, - сказала .
Выбравшись наружу, Беккер оглядел стоянку в поисках такси. Ни одной машины. Он подбежал к крепко сбитому охраннику. - Мне срочно нужно такси.
На экране Танкадо рухнул на колени, по-прежнему прижимая руку к груди и так ни разу и не подняв глаз. Он был совсем один и умирал естественной смертью. - Странно, - удивленно заметил Смит.
Не знаю. Все это выглядит довольно странно. - Думаешь, надо вернуть им отчет.
ГЛАВА 23 Сьюзан, сидя в одиночестве в уютном помещении Третьего узла, пила травяной чай с лимоном и ждала результатов запуска Следопыта. Как старшему криптографу ей полагался терминал с самым лучшим обзором. Он был установлен на задней стороне компьютерного кольца и обращен в сторону шифровалки.
Наверное, я должен был обратить на это внимание, но тот тип показался мне настоящим психом. Беккер нахмурился. Слова Стратмора эхом звучали в его ушах. Мне нужно все, что было у Танкадо при. Все.