File Name: difference between intermodal and multimodal transport .zip
- Difference Between Intermodal and Multimodal Transport
- Intermodal Versus Multimodal – What’s the Difference and Which Should You Select?
- Intermodal V/s Multimodal Transport System: Similar But Not Same
- Unimodal, Multimodal and Intermodal Shipping Explained
Selecting the best mode of transportation for your shipment can be complicated. Below we take a closer look at both options, what they are, their differences, their advantages and what to consider when selecting one over the other.
Difference Between Intermodal and Multimodal Transport
We are digital technology and innovation partners transforming businesses across globe through our services and solutions. Intermodal and multimodal transportation freight methods allow better shipment or commutation even to remote areas by combining different modes of transportation, including but not limited to flight, freight, truck, and public transportation.
Although used interchangeably, intermodal and multimodal transportation systems are worlds apart. The efficiency of smart cities can be improved beyond expectations by crafting an optimal transport system. Every stakeholder and customer is looking for that key innovation, which puts one community or a smart city apart from the other. May it be the low carbon emission or energy efficiency, accelerating development in smart cities lies in the hands of the transportation system.
As the name indicates, it is a transportation system connecting two or more modes. Under this system, goods transportation takes place in an intermodal container or loading unit, which passes through several modes of transportation ocean freight, truck, rail, etc. Once the product reaches a specific geographical area, trucks deliver the product to a common collection area.
From there, similar vehicles or smaller transportation deliver the product to the end customer. The entire transportation process comes under the control of a different carrier or transportation service provider under different contracts. This model includes airport rail-road link transportation, airport ferry connection, allowing automobiles on trains, train to ferry connections, and so on.
In the case of urban public transport, intermodal transport is used to reduce the use of individual automobiles and promote the utilization of public transport. Intermodal transport focuses on providing a blend of one type of rapid transit like the regional rail to low-speed options such as buses, trams, or bicycles. The latter is either appended at the beginning of the journey, or towards the end.
Thus, trains provide a quick transit over long distances, such as from suburbs to urban areas, from where the passengers can choose the second option to travel within the city. For example, people can use trains or airplanes to cover long distances, and then pick a bus, taxi, or tram to travel from the airport to the in-city destination. In places with dense populations and high demand for public transport networks, the intermodal transport system could be a reliable solution. By using mobility-as-a-service, it is easier to provide a digital solution to public transportation, including intermodal route planning, ticket mobility, sharing transportation, and others.
Intermodal mobility allows packaging services from different types of public operators to create a holistic platform for booking, planning, and traveling. The best example of the intermodal passenger transportation is the feeder buses. The multimodal transportation system has the same style of the transportation process.
But, this system is more frequently used in freight transportation than public transport. However, each transportation service provider has the same bill of lading or the contract.
The responsibility of the product from the origin to the end customer falls under one single carrier company. Under this concept, a service provider should have all modes of transportation. Upon receiving a project or contract, the service provider will come up with a combination of different transportation based on the route of the passenger and type of product.
Once the customer approves the process, a contract is made that covers the entire process. It has the same applications like intermodal transport. For instance, regional rail would provide rapid transit at a low cost. Once the passenger reaches a suburb station, quick transit to an inner area needs road transportation like a bus.
With the help of multimodal transport systems, unified public transportation can become possible by linking several modes of public transports like buses, light rail, and metro. Such a mass transit can help to create sustainable urban mobility.
Intermodal transportation sees each mode of transportation as a different contract. On the other hand, multimodal transportation maintains higher efficiency as the entire process comes under the monitoring radar of one single carrier. On the other hand, multimodal has the advantage of keeping the freight under control.
Creating a unified ticketing system is more accessible with multimodal transportation. However, the passengers have to take care of individual ticket purchases for each stage of transit. Intermodal transportation allows the passenger or carrier contractor to choose the best of each mode of transportation. For instance, he can choose the fastest ferry service to save hours in transit and comfortable road transportation over public transportation. In terms of overhead and delay, the contractor should keep track of every delay and complications, in each transportation mode.
For instance, if an individual is traveling from airport to a remote region, he has to take into account the delay in train arrival, match it up with boarding public road transportation, and so on.
One mode of transportation will not have complete information about the complications and delays in another, which leads to incoherence in intermodal transport. However, in terms of multimodal, the entire process is under the control of one service provider, which gives ease to the contractor or service user.
Intermodal transportation deals with a new contract for every mode of transportation, which increases the overall cost of transportation for the contractor or passengers.
In the case of multimodal transportation, the operation cost of setting up such a service is high, but the overall package for the user can be cost-efficient than intermodal. Multimodal transportation gives better routing efficiency than intermodal transportation. While dealing with international transportation, the regulations ratified on the process by each country is different.
This difference increases the complexity of the contract of multimodal transportation. Some countries do not have the infrastructure to implement multimodal transportation.
In such cases, intermodal transportation is the best option. At each node, the carrier provides a contract of lading, which shifts the responsibility of the cargo or transportation to the next service provider, in the case of intermodal transportation. Thus, during cargo claimants, the process can become complicated and tangled into webs of conditions.
The claim process can vary based on the type of bill of lading provided by each carrier service provider. In the case of multimodal transportation, one contract stands valid, and the service provider is claimable in case of any misfortunate events.
In the case of multimodal transportation, single umbrella insurance covers every mode of transportation. The intermodal transportation increases the overall cost of operation by requiring different types of insurance for each contract. However, this individual insurance can provide better safety and security of transportation for those transporting fragile or perishable products.
The overall insurance concept is quite applicable while choosing multimodal public transportation for an area or city. Multimodal transportation and intermodal transportation are both efficient in terms of speed and value when compared to conventional trucking logistics. This reason is why multimodal transportation is the best replacement for the public transportation system. Moreover, it increases the additional capacity of the service provider, showing potential savings or increased revenue in the future.
Although the operational cost of the initial set up and overheads are higher in multimodal, the cost of transportation decreases. With a unified ticketing system or combined public transportation, people can save a considerable amount of money in transportation expenses. With a robust intermodal service, the contractor can convert their shipping method to intermodal or multimodal and have significant transparency in the process. This transparency increases reliability, which is the key to business success.
Moreover, the chances of service failure are reduced with the best utilization of technology. In the case of public transport, passengers can be at more ease in multi-modal transport as the entire travel planning is facilitated by one company or planner.
In intermodal, different entities come into play; thus reliability cannot be guaranteed. For instance, rapid transit such as trains might get late whereas the bus or taxi is usually on time.
For calculation, approximately a train emits 5. Trucks in their best-operating conditions would emit Using intermodal or multimodal options, people can shift towards public transportation without worrying about the availability of services to remote regions. Turning towards public transportation from private is a great way to reduce carbon emissions. In many ways, rail transportation has a better value proposition than highway travel. This feature is very prominent in public transportation, where the population of commuters and the volume of products transmitted is higher and increasing every year.
While scaling up public transportation, going green is also essential, especially in smart cities. Many government policies have restricted the hours of road transportation, which puts the capacity of truck transportation under the category of restricted service. Thus, if a service provider wishes to cut costs and improve delivery time multimodal transportation is quite crucial.
The passenger will have full control over choosing the style of transportation to reduce the time taken or for his comfort. This style of customizability is possible even for public transit. By implementing intermodal and multimodal transportation into public transportation, the number of people dependent on private automobiles decreases. This decrease also reduces the space required for parking, traffic jams, and so on.
When space and time taken for automobile security reduces, it becomes easier and plausible to create a much more attractive infrastructure for the proposed city. Regardless of choice between multimodal and intermodal transportation, the system needs a basic transportation management system, which includes tracking, routing, and contract management.
The use of ICT information communication technology in intermodal and multimodal transportation methods helps in better material planning, directness, and speed in the process. ICT is a grand advancement when compared to the conventional point-to-point style of integrating separate systems along the supply chain. Apart from these, certain technological advancements provide better utilization of resources during these transport processes. Using one simple interface linking the mobility services like public transportation, shared taxi, charging stations, and others will provide a better platform for the partners to have a heightened experience.
In freight transport, this interface includes usage of the geo-localization system to track the product. Since multiple carrier companies are involved in the entire process, usage of electronic cash or pre-paid cards can reduce the time and complexity of the process.
Using integrated cards, service providers can manage the spending and redeeming credits with less complexity. This process also gives more transparency to the entire process.
Allowing the passenger or contractor to track the route is one part of providing an application for the phones. Starting from using any electronic credits to reserving services for a future purpose, the scope of an integrated application for mobile phones is seamless.
This real-time application allows the user to manage or identify the multimodality or mobility of the process with ease. For instance, with a traffic monitoring system, the passenger can get notification about a possible delay in trains and choose buses instead of trains to reach the destination. Using IoT, the system can track and analyze every single required parameter of the transportation process. For instance, by utilizing IoT, the system can monitor the temperature of refrigerated containers allowing immediate fix to any compressor problem in any of the refrigerated containers during the transit.
Intermodal Versus Multimodal – What’s the Difference and Which Should You Select?
Multimodal transportation is the shipping of goods performed by several modes of transport which is why it is also called combined transport. Despite the diversity in modes of transport, multimodality is made under a single contract which means there is only one bill of lading. Also, there is only one provider who takes the responsibility for the cargo and its destination. Part of the international transport is multimodal and includes rail, road, sea, air etc. The movement is made with shipping containers that can easily move from one transport mode to another.
We are digital technology and innovation partners transforming businesses across globe through our services and solutions. Intermodal and multimodal transportation freight methods allow better shipment or commutation even to remote areas by combining different modes of transportation, including but not limited to flight, freight, truck, and public transportation. Although used interchangeably, intermodal and multimodal transportation systems are worlds apart. The efficiency of smart cities can be improved beyond expectations by crafting an optimal transport system. Every stakeholder and customer is looking for that key innovation, which puts one community or a smart city apart from the other. May it be the low carbon emission or energy efficiency, accelerating development in smart cities lies in the hands of the transportation system. As the name indicates, it is a transportation system connecting two or more modes.
Choosing between Multimodal and Intermodal transport is important for Shippers to optimize routing and total shipping costs. Sometimes a combination of different transport carriers is better to achieve best total shipping cost, but it requires more logistics coordination. Using only a single carrier may achieve the best routing and require less paperwork. Understanding the difference between Multimodal and Intermodal is important when choosing a carrier for your cargo, but the terms are sometimes used incorrectly or interchangeably. Multimodal transport or combined transport is per definition a combination of at least two or more different modes to move your cargo from a place in one country to another country.
Intermodal V/s Multimodal Transport System: Similar But Not Same
Intermodal and Multimodal — These two terms are often used loosely and interchangeably, without many people understanding the meaning of the words or if there is a difference between the two.. Here, we will discuss what they mean and what they represent in day to day shipping and freight environment.. Intermodal — is the movement of cargo from origin to destination by several modes of transport where each of these modes have a different transport provider or entity responsible, each with its own independent contract.. Multiple carriers contracted to fulfill a single journey.. Multimodal — is the movement of cargo from origin to destination by several modes of transport where each of these modes have a different transport provider or entity responsible, but under a single contract..
Here, we will discuss what they mean and what they represent in day to day shipping and freight environment.. Intermodal — is the movement of cargo from origin to destination by several modes of transport where each of these modes have a different transport provider or entity responsible, each with its own independent contract.. Multimodal — is the movement of cargo from origin to destination by several modes of transport where each of these modes have a different transport provider or entity responsible, but under a single contract.. A Single carrier contracted to fulfill a single journey..
In short, intermodal shipping utilizes several different contracts throughout the span of a transportation journey, which means shippers independently sign contracts with sea, air and land services. Multimodal, on the other hand, looks nearly identical, but comes with a major caveat: it uses one contract all the way through the journey. In many ways, these two methods are competitive and both offer pros and cons for different organizations.
To obtain the best routing is not the same as getting the best total shipping cost. Using a combination of different transport carriers is sometimes better to achieve the best total shipping cost for door to door movements. However, it requires more logistics coordination and hands-on involvement.
Unimodal, Multimodal and Intermodal Shipping Explained
When organizing a shipment of goods, one can choose from several different routes and types of transport available. The best service can be evaluated acording to the total costs, duration of transport, logistics efforts or environmental impact. Moreover, it is possible to use a single type of transport or to combine different modes of transport for the same route, which can be especially useful for long distance shipments. What are the main differences and benefits of choosing unimodal, multimodal or intermodal transportation of goods? To properly compare the different modalities of transport, it is important to first understand the meaning of each of these terms.
When talking about transportation of goods, two terms are commonly used to describe the method of moving them: Intermodal and Multimodal. So what exactly is the difference? Both intermodal and multimodal transportation involve moving cargo from origin to destination using more than one method of transport. This can be truck, rail, barge, ship, or any combination of those. Both can also mean that several different carriers operate each leg of the journey. In multimodal transportation, one contract covers the entire journey. One carrier takes sole responsibility and ensures door-to-door delivery is completed, even if other carriers are used in the journey.
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