Types Of Fire Extinguishers And Their Uses Pdf File

types of fire extinguishers and their uses pdf file

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There are different types of fire extinguishers because there are various types of fires. Being able to immediately distinguish which extinguisher you need in an emergency apart could make a lifesaving difference.

Fire Extinguisher Types (Free PDF Download)

When it comes to securing our home or workplace against fire, we cannot ignore fire extinguishers. It is good to have fire extinguishers at home and office. Many countries have laws that fire extinguishers be kept as mandatory safety equipment.

It is a great option for smaller or containable fires, preventing them from expanding into potential fire hazards. Due to the different types of fires, there are many fire extinguishers. It is important to know about their types and uses. This can help to distinguish the right one when we need it in an emergency.

Therefore, in this article, we are discussing various important fire extinguisher types. Let us first understand about fire extinguishers:. Fire extinguisher refers to equipment or a device that can be used to combat a fire.

Fire brigade individuals mainly use fire extinguishers to counter a variety of fires. However, these devices can be used by anyone with little training or a guide. According to fire concepts, fire usually spreads due to the simultaneous presence of fuel, heat sources, and air.

Therefore, when we are fighting a fire, we need to remove any of these three resources. The purpose of a fire extinguisher is to cut such resources to overcome the fire. Different types of fire extinguishers are used to combat specific types of fire. Therefore, before we learn about different fire extinguishing types, we must understand different fire types. This will help us to select the right fire extinguisher in an emergency.

We should always fight the fire carefully based on the material involved. Depending on the material or cause of the fire, it is usually classified into the following classes:. Class A : Fire caused due to combustible carbon-based materials, such as wood, paper, plastic, textiles, etc. Class B : Fire caused due to flammable liquids, such as petrol, diesel, paint, paraffin, oils other than cooking oils , etc.

Class C : Fire caused due to flammable gases, such as butane, methane, propane, etc. Class D : Fire caused due to burning metals, such as lithium, sodium, potassium, magnesium, titanium, etc. Class E : Fire caused due to electrical equipment or sources this class is typically a separate class in most countries and only referred to by an electric spark symbol instead of the letter 'E'.

Class F : Fires caused due to cooking oils and fats, especially those used in deep-fat fryers. For example, olive oil, sunflower oil, vegetable oils, butter, etc. Typically, extinguishers have a sign based on the classes of fire they are best suitable for. The following image displays such indication signs of fire extinguisher:. Depending on usage or classes, fire extinguishers are quite different. There are mainly five types of fire extinguishers, such as:.

Water fire extinguishers are the most effective type of extinguishers to combat different types of fires. These fire extinguishers are mainly divided into the following two types:. Powder extinguishers are designed for multi-purpose use. We can also use these extinguishers for electric fires; however, they are not as effective as other specific types because they do not cool the fire.

This can sometimes cause a re-ignition of fire. Besides, they can reduce visibility due to their dust-like powder particles and also cause breathing problems. This is why the use of these fire extinguishers within a closed building is not recommended unless there is no other option.

This type of fire extinguishers is identified by the word 'foam' printed across a cream-colored rectangle. Foam extinguishers are mainly based on the water; however, they are like foaming agents. This helps in smothering the flames and sealing vapors to stop the re-ignition of fire. These fire extinguishers are primarily used for Class A and Class B fires, especially for fires caused by solids and liquids.

When using these extinguishers against Class A fires, we can point and spray the foaming solution directly into the fire or the origin. Besides, we shouldn't directly spray into the liquid when using against Class B fires for fires caused by flammable liquids.

This can result in the spreading of fire to the surrounding areas. The best method of application is to spray the foam into the fire areas to form a safety wall and prevent the flow of fire.

Although we can use foam fire extinguishers for some electric fires, they are not recommended and should be used as the last option if they have di-electrical tests performed on them. This type of fire extinguishers is distinguished by 'carbon dioxide' or 'CO2' written in white text on a black rectangle.

They contain only pressurized CO2 gas and therefore leave no residue. They also have a specific type of tube. Carbon dioxide extinguishers are mainly used to counter Class B fires and electrical fires. CO2 gas works by suffocating a fire and does not harm electrical objects or cause a short circuit in the system. It usually suffocates the fire by displacing oxygen gas in the air. Because they don't leave any substance behind and therefore reduce damage to the electrical equipment. Besides, it is advised not to touch the horn, base, or pipework on the CO2 extinguishers while operating them.

The gas becomes very cold during its release, which can damage our skin or even our hands. Wet chemical extinguishers are identified by the 'wet chemical' printed on a yellow rectangle. It comes with an extended hose that allows us to easily hold and point at the right position. This is mainly beneficial while trying to control fires on a kitchen top. These fire extinguishers are designed to combat Class F fire types. They are efficient because they are designed for notably high-temperature fires, especially due to fats and cooking oils.

The wet chemical extinguisher consists of a pressurized solution of alkali salts in water, which, when used, generates a fine mist or soap-like solution. This helps dispel flames and prevent splashing. Besides, the solution cools the burning oil, seals the surface and prevents the fire's re-ignition. Although we may use wet fire extinguishers on Class A and some Class B fires other than involving liquids fire , they are not effective like other relevant extinguishers.

To use a fire extinguisher, one must be properly trained. Most fire extinguishers are designed to be operated using the P. Pull, aim, squeeze, sweep method:. Pull : Find the pin on the fire extinguisher and pull it to break the tamper seal. Aim : Keep the fire extinguisher low, pointing to the nozzle at the origin of the fire. Squeeze : Squeeze the handle on top of the extinguisher to release the extinguishing material. Sweep : Sweep the nozzle from one side to the other sides at the fire's base until the fire is extinguished.

It would be more useful to use a fire extinguisher practically instead of just reading the text and thinking of it as training. It is highly recommended to take training from an authorized person. JavaTpoint offers too many high quality services. Mail us on hr javatpoint. Please mail your requirement at hr javatpoint. Duration: 1 week to 2 week. Next Topic Types of Vitamins. Manual T. Verbal A.

Angular 7. Compiler D. Software E. Web Tech. Cyber Sec. Control S. Data Mining. Javatpoint Services JavaTpoint offers too many high quality services. Let us first understand about fire extinguishers: What is a Fire Extinguisher? Understanding the classes of Fire Different types of fire extinguishers are used to combat specific types of fire. Depending on the material or cause of the fire, it is usually classified into the following classes: Class A : Fire caused due to combustible carbon-based materials, such as wood, paper, plastic, textiles, etc.

The following image displays such indication signs of fire extinguisher: Types of Fire Extinguishers Depending on usage or classes, fire extinguishers are quite different. There are mainly five types of fire extinguishers, such as: Water Extinguisher Powder Extinguisher Foam Extinguisher Carbon Dioxide CO2 Extinguisher Wet Chemical Extinguisher Let's discuss more about each type: Water Extinguishers Water fire extinguishers are the most effective type of extinguishers to combat different types of fires.

These fire extinguishers are mainly divided into the following two types: Water Spray Fire Extinguishers : These fire extinguishers usually have the word 'water' or 'aqua' written on them in white color.

They are the basic type of water extinguishers that dispense water at high pressure. These fire extinguishers are only used for Class A fires.

They are designed to combat fires caused by paper, wood, plastic, cloth, cardboard, cloth and various solids. They are never used on fires caused by oil, fat or electrical components.

Fire Extinguisher Selection, Location and Use

Following the recent covid announcement regarding the closure of non-essential businesses, we would like to reassure our customers that as suppliers of essential emergency equipment to the healthcare sector, we are still open for business. While our aim is to continue to provide an uninterrupted service, we will continue to monitor the ever changing situation while taking all necessary steps to ensure the wellbeing of both our staff and customers. Fire extinguishers are designed to tackle specific types of fire. There are six different classes of fire and several different types of fire extinguishers. Water extinguishers are one of the most cost-effective ways to fight Class A fires, those fuelled by solid materials such as paper, wood and textiles.

Table of Contents Introduction Basic types of fire extinguishers Which kind of extinguisher should I use? This document was originally designed to focus on fire situations in chemistry laboratories. While it continues to mention laboratories, the information contained herein is broadly applicable to almost all workplaces. Fire is the most common serious hazard that one faces in a typical chemistry laboratory. While proper procedure and training can minimize the chances of an accidental fire, you must still be prepared to deal with a fire emergency should it occur Look here for a graphic example.

Easy-to-read, question-and-answer fact sheets covering a wide range of workplace health and safety topics, from hazards to diseases to ergonomics to workplace promotion. Download the free OSH Answers app. Search all fact sheets:. To understand how to prevent fires, it is important to know how a fire can occur. Four elements must be present at the same time for a fire to take place:. If you are not confident about your ability to handle the situation even if you are trained in fire fighting , or if you do not have the correct type of fire extinguisher, do not fight the fire.

Not all fires are the same, and they are classified according to the type of fuel that is burning. If you use the wrong type of fire extinguisher on the wrong class of.

Understanding the Different Types and Uses of Fire Extinguishers

A fire extinguisher is a first attack tool for use in the early stages of a fire. It should only be used on a small fire no larger than a waste paper basket and by someone who is confident and physically capable of using the extinguisher. A one kilogram 1kg dry powder extinguisher is recommended for domestic home use.

Armed with the right type of fire extinguisher, a property owner can often extinguish or contain a fire before it becomes a major blaze. But to effectively fight a fire, an individual must be prepared with the right type of extinguisher, have it readily available, and know how to use it properly. Failure to be properly prepared to extinguish a fire not only reduces the chances of containing the blaze, but may also place the individual in a extremely hazardous situation.

The wrong type of extinguisher can be dangerous or life -threatening. Always have a safe path of escape if you are attempting to extinguish a fire, and ensure Fire and Emergency has been called. The following table provides information regarding the type of fire and which fire extinguisher should be used. The international sign system diagonal red slash indicates a potential danger if the extinguisher is used on that particular type of fire.

Сьюзан застенчиво улыбнулась. - Если будет еще интереснее, чем этой ночью, я не смогу встать.

Types of Fire Extinguisher

 - Выключите эту чертовщину. Джабба смотрел прямо перед собой, как капитан тонущего корабля. - Мы опоздали, сэр. Мы идем ко дну. ГЛАВА 120 Шеф отдела обеспечения системной безопасности, тучный мужчина весом за центнер, стоял неподвижно, заложив руки за голову.

Немец не ожидал такого оборота. - Wasmachst… - Помолчите! - Беккер перешел на английский.  - У вас в номере проститутка? - Он оглядел комнату. Роскошная обстановка, как в лучших отелях. Розы, шампанское, широченная кровать с балдахином.

Фонтейн был гигантом из гигантов, но Стратмора это как будто не касалось. Он отстаивал перед директором свои идеи со спокойствием невозмутимого боксера-профессионала. Даже президент Соединенных Штатов не решался бросать вызов Фонтейну, что не раз позволял себе Стратмор. Для этого нужен был политический иммунитет - или, как в случае Стратмора, политическая индифферентность. Сьюзан поднялась на верхнюю ступеньку лестницы. Она не успела постучать, как заверещал электронный дверной замок.

Types of fire are separated into different classes based on the fuel source involved. Knowing the classes of fire will help you choose the appropriate extinguisher.

Fire Safety and Fire Extinguishers

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Набрав полные легкие воздуха, Чатрукьян открыл металлический шкафчик старшего сотрудника лаборатории систем безопасности. На полке с компьютерными деталями, спрятанными за накопителем носителей информации, лежала кружка выпускника Стэнфордского университета и тестер. Не коснувшись краев, он вытащил из нее ключ Медеко. - Поразительно, - пробурчал он, - что сотрудникам лаборатории систем безопасности ничего об этом не известно. ГЛАВА 47 - Шифр ценой в миллиард долларов? - усмехнулась Мидж, столкнувшись с Бринкерхоффом в коридоре.  - Ничего .

Ему казалось, что с него сорваны все внешние покровы. Не было ни страха, ни ощущения своей значимости - исчезло. Он остался нагим - лишь плоть и кости перед лицом Господа. Я человек, - подумал. И с ироничной усмешкой вспомнил: - Без воска. Беккер стоял с закрытыми глазами, а человек в очках в металлической оправе приближался к. Где-то неподалеку зазвонил колокол.

По крайней мере Мидж не станет болтать. У нее есть и свои слабости. Она ведь и сама кое-что себе позволяла: время от времени они массировали друг другу спину. Мысли его вернулись к Кармен. Перед глазами возникло ее гибкое тело, темные загорелые бедра, приемник, который она включала на всю громкость, слушая томную карибскую музыку. Он улыбнулся.

Внезапно домохозяйки штата Миннесота начали жаловаться компаниям Америка онлайн и Вундеркинд, что АНБ, возможно, читает их электронную почту, - хотя агентству, конечно, не было дела до рецептов приготовления сладкого картофеля.

После истории с Попрыгунчиком всякий раз, когда Мидж казалось, что происходит что-то подозрительное, она сразу же превращалась из кокетки в дьявола, и, пока не выясняла все досконально, ничто не могло ее остановить. - Мидж, скорее всего это наши данные неточны, - решительно заявил Бринкерхофф.  - Ты только подумай: ТРАНСТЕКСТ бьется над одним-единственным файлом целых восемнадцать часов.

Росио покачала головой: - Не могу. - Почему? - рассердился Беккер. - У меня его уже нет, - сказала она виноватым тоном.  - Я его продала. ГЛАВА 33 Токуген Нуматака смотрел в окно и ходил по кабинету взад-вперед как зверь в клетке.

Мысли ее вернулись к Дэвиду. Сьюзен надеялась, что с ним все в порядке. Ей трудно было поверить, что он в Испании. Чем скорее будет найден ключ и все закончится, тем лучше для. Сьюзан потеряла счет времени, потраченного на ожидание Следопыта.

Fire extinguishers

Это ловушка. Энсей Танкадо всучил вам Северную Дакоту, так как он знал, что вы начнете искать. Что бы ни содержалось в его посланиях, он хотел, чтобы вы их нашли, - это ложный след.

Какие-то безумцы ныряли со сцены в это людское море, и его волны швыряли их вперед и назад, как волейбольные мячи на пляже. Откуда-то сверху падали пульсирующие стробоскопические вспышки света, придававшие всему этому сходство со старым немым кино. У дальней стены дрожали включенные на полную мощность динамики, и даже самые неистовые танцоры не могли подойти к ним ближе чем на десять метров. Беккер заткнул уши и оглядел толпу. Куда бы ни падал его взгляд, всюду мелькали красно-бело-синие прически.

 - Я вас ни в чем не виню. - Но, сэр… - заикаясь выдавила.  - Я… я протестую. Я думаю… - Вы протестуете? - переспросил директор и поставил на стол чашечку с кофе.

Она изучала записку. Хейл ее даже не подписал, просто напечатал свое имя внизу: Грег Хейл. Он все рассказал, нажал клавишу PRINT и застрелился.


Jacint M.


When it comes to securing our home or workplace against fire, we cannot ignore fire extinguishers.