Emotional And Decisional Forgiveness Worthington Pdf

emotional and decisional forgiveness worthington pdf

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The Influence of Decisional and Emotional Forgiveness on Attributions

Skip to search form Skip to main content You are currently offline. Some features of the site may not work correctly. Worthington and Joshua N. Hook and S. Worthington , Joshua N. Hook , S.

Everett L. Worthington Jr. Born in Knoxville, Tennessee, Worthington attended the University of Tennessee-Knoxville and was awarded an undergraduate degree in nuclear engineering in Worthington served as a naval officer on active duty from to , teaching nuclear physics at the Naval Nuclear Power School at Mare Island Naval Shipyard. He then attended graduate school in psychology counseling from to at the University of Missouri in Columbia, Missouri , where he received his MA and PhD degrees. He has since served as faculty in the department of psychology at VCU, primarily affiliated with the APA-accredited counseling psychology program.

Everett Worthington

Research on forgiveness suggests that forgiveness is an emotion-focused coping process important for clinical settings as it can promote both physical and mental health Worthington et al. Investigating antecedents of forgiveness, empirical studies and theoretical models propose that attributions influence forgiveness. Specifically, individuals, who have emotionally forgiven a transgression, hold the transgressor less responsible for the offense compared to those in the decisional forgiveness and control condition. Moreover, the findings conceptually replicate previous research Lichtenfeld et al. Implications of these results for clinical and health psychology are discussed. Much research has shown that forgiveness is linked to lower levels of anxiety and depression Freedman and Enright, ; Rye and Pargament, ; Reed and Enright, and is also associated to benefits in both physical and mental health Thoresen et al. Furthermore, forgiveness has been found to increase the likelihood of restoring a social relationship Tsang et al.

When someone does something that upsets you, or causes you pain and anguish, how do you forgive them? Whether the wrongdoing was big or small, we believe that forgiveness is the right course of action. Some acts are so terrible that they can take a lifetime to come to terms with. And forgiveness may never be fully achieved. Forgiveness can be complicated.

The paper presents the concept of emotional and decisional forgiveness proposed by Worthington et al. Journal of Behavioral Medicine, 30 , —, and employing the Polish versions of the Decision to Forgive Scale and Emotional Forgiveness Scale developed in line with this theory. Both scales are tools measuring episodic forgiveness is forgiveness for a specific transgression that is made once. The results of exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis showed that the structure of the Polish scales is exactly the same as of the original tools, i. Although psychologists have continued to discuss the fundamental dimensions of forgiveness, they all agree that forgiveness engages a positive psychological change toward the offender McCullough et al. The shift takes place in cognition Thompson et al. Researchers have emphasized the role of specific aspects of forgiveness, or defined it as a complex construct e.

Everett Worthington

Performed the experiments: SL VB. Analyzed the data: SL MM. The authors confirm that all data underlying the findings are fully available without restriction. To forgive and forget is a well-known idiom, which has rarely been looked at empirically. In the current experiment, we investigated differences between emotional and decisional forgiveness on forgetting.

In order to become a more forgiving person, first identify a hurt or offense. It is best to initially choose an issue that is of moderate importance to you. If the harm you select is too traumatic and emotionally raw, you might be so distressed that it impedes your ability to effectively implement the five-step model presented in this course. Once you have learned the 5 steps, you can apply them to a variety of hurts.

Decisional and Emotional Forgiveness : Conceptualization and Development of Self-Report Measures

Его руки снова обхватили ее - одна сдавила левую грудь, другая - талию - и оторвали от двери.


На рассвете я усмирил свою гордыню и позвонил директору - и, уверяю тебя, это был бы тот еще разговорчик. Доброе утро, сэр. Извините, что пришлось вас разбудить. Почему я звоню. Я только что выяснил, что ТРАНСТЕКСТ устарел. Все дело в алгоритме, сочинить который оказалось не под силу нашим лучшим криптографам! - Стратмор стукнул кулаком по столу.

 Похоже, кто-то очень нами недоволен, директор. Это шантаж. Больше всего похоже на требование выкупа. Слова Сьюзан прозвучали слабым, едва уловимым шепотом: - Это… Энсей Танкадо. Джабба повернулся и изумленно посмотрел на .

 - И он положил конверт на стойку. Консьерж взглянул на конверт и что-то грустно пробормотал себе под нос. Еще один любитель молоденьких девочек, - подумал. - Ну. Сеньор?. - Буисан, - сказал Беккер.

Это было похоже на старое кино. Кадр казался неестественно вытянутым по вертикали и неустойчивым, как бывает при дрожащем объективе, - это было результатом удаления кадров, процесса, сокращающего видеозапись вдвое и экономящего время.

Ролдан сразу понял. Он хорошо запомнил это обрюзгшее лицо. Человек, к которому он направил Росио. Странно, подумал он, что сегодня вечером уже второй человек интересуется этим немцем.

Но вместо того чтобы нарушить правила, женщина выругала самоуверенного североамериканца и отсоединилась. Расстроенный, Беккер повесил трубку. Провал.

 Единственный луч надежды во всей этой печальной истории - то, что Танкадо путешествовал. Есть шанс, что его партнер пока ничего не знает.


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Decisional and Emotional Forgiveness: Conceptualization and Development of Self-Report Measures · E. Worthington · Joshua N. Hook · S. Utsey.