Advantages And Disadvantages Of Conventional And Nonconventional Sources Of Energy Pdf

advantages and disadvantages of conventional and nonconventional sources of energy pdf

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Renewable electricity generation breakdown with nuclear as of Renewable energy is useful energy that is collected from renewable resources , which are naturally replenished on a human timescale , including carbon neutral sources like sunlight , wind , rain , tides , waves , and geothermal heat.

The Disadvantages of Non-Conventional Sources of Energy

In recent years, calls for a stalwart shift toward renewable non-conventional natural resources as sources of energy have increased. Potential players in the renewable non-conventional energy sector include solar, wind, algae, geothermal, nuclear, hydropower and ocean tidal or wave alternatives.

While these non-conventional options show promise, they have their drawbacks. For a number of these non-conventional energy sources, the weather, atmospheric conditions and the environment have to cooperate for harnessing their energy.

Wind might be in short supply for wind turbines, or cloud cover might interfere with solar energy collection. Geothermal plants have been known to deplete their energy source, sometimes unpredictably. This inconsistency and low reliability can be costly, especially when the goal is to convert an energy source into electricity for power distribution.

When the supply is inconsistent and unreliable, large quantities of power might not be generated from non-conventional energy sources. That is problematic if a country wants to depend on the energy source to meet the demands of powering an entire nation. The inconsistency, unreliability and unpredictability of non-conventional energy sectors that are still in their infancy lead to debate on whether the sectors are feasibly sustainable for the long term.

Pollution is a major ecological issue when it comes to non-conventional energy sources. Wind turbine farms create noise pollution. Nuclear reactors create toxic wastes that are harmful to living things, thus making storage, transport and disposal a serious challenge. Geothermal plants have been associated with toxic emissions such as sulfur dioxide, silica and heavy metal deposits of mercury, arsenic and boron.

Harmful risks from certain non-conventional energy sources are a reality. Wind energy farms are notorious for harming species of birds, bats and insects with windmill blades. Certain solar energy farms create intense hot zones in the atmosphere from the amount of heat bouncing off their reflective surfaces.

These hot zones have harmed, blinded and killed passing birds and insects. The construction of facilities to take advantage of ocean energy can destabilize marine ecosystems, adversely affecting both nesting grounds and hunting grounds, threatening the future of entire species. As for nuclear energy, there is the risk of a reactor meltdown. Earthquakes, floods, sinkholes, tornadoes, hurricanes and all manner of natural disasters can damage a nuclear plant, creating leaks and environmental contamination.

Nuclear cleanup is not easy, and given the half-life of nuclear elements used in nuclear plants, it can be extensive. That length of time for recovery from a nuclear plant disaster might not sit well with constituents and political groups. Even if no nuclear meltdown takes place, nuclear plants produce harmful waste materials that are difficult to dispose of, transport and store. Starting a farm or plant that leverages solar, wind, algae, geothermal, nuclear, hydropower and ocean avenues requires hefty funding and investments.

Acquiring the real estate to place the windmills, solar panels, algae farm, geothermal facility, nuclear plant, hydropower dam and ocean center requires sizable upfront capital outlays to fund, build, maintain and implement the endeavors properly with infrastructure and technologies that are up to code standards. The large-scale production, maintenance and harvesting of algae can translate into exorbitant expenditures.

Geothermal and ocean energy sources require specific locations close to a geothermal or ocean energy source. Sometimes that access is not without risks and hazards, which could affect distribution networks and infrastructure. These risks and hazards, not to mention the insurance costs to cover them, might be too pricey for the project to be commercially viable under present technological standards.

Some form of technological breakthrough is needed to further geothermal and ocean energy sectors. If unfavorable economics exist, these non-conventional energy sources can turn out to be too costly and inefficient to be relied upon.

Non-conventional energy sources that are location-specific have limited accessibility. Land-locked states can't have ocean energy sources available. Initial setup costs are steep for unconventional energy sources. The land management afterward can be taxing as well. Political groups in a state or city might try to hinder the progress of the project, especially if they argue about environmental concerns, displacement of people from large tracts of land or any other competing interests.

Wind farms are only practical in areas with a lot of wind, and even if the area is known to be windy, there will be moments when no winds blow. In that situation, a viable backup solution to address where the energy will come from to power up the electric grid is needed. Consider hydropower dams during a drought. Dams might seem advantageous during a boon year of water flow. Even if drought isn't a problem, hydropower dams are still met with controversy from conservation groups about biological diversity loss, nutrient flow interference and erosion concerns.

Controversies arise about how efficient the non-conventional energy resource can be during times of hardship. The non-conventional energy sector is still an industry in its infancy. Consequently, there will often be arguments and debates revolving around feasibility, efficiency and scalability. Mariecor Agravante earned a Bachelor of Science in biology from Gonzaga University and has completed graduate work in Organizational Leadership.

About the Author. Copyright Leaf Group Ltd.

Difference between Conventional and Non Conventional

It is the basic input required to sustain economic growth. There is direct relation between the level of economic development and per capita energy consumption. Simply speaking more developed a country, higher is the per capita consumption of energy and vice-versa. This indicates that our country has low rate of per capita consumption of energy as compared to developed countries. These sources of energy are also called non renewable sources. These sources of energy are in limited quantity except hydro-electric power.

Renewable energy

ABSTRACT: The sources of energy which are exhaustible and being produced continuously in nature are called nonconventional energy or renewable sources of energy. Some of these sources include solar energy, wind energy and tidal energy. The conventional energy sources are basically based on fossil fuels which have finite reserves in nature and hence would extinct in future. Since the development and progress of mankind are closely related to energy sources, many countries throughout the world have engaged themselves in searching and developing non-conventional energy sources that would be very essential to sustain the life cycle of human being.

Last updated at May 7, by Teachoo. Conventional sources of Energy have been used since a long time. Non-Conventional sources of Energy are recently discovered sources of energy. They are common and widely used sources. They are relatively new and hence are not widely used.

Energy can be defined as the capacity or ability to do work. It plays an important role in our day to day life as it is required in every field like industry, transport, communication, sports, defence, household, agriculture and more. There are plenty of energy sources to get energy.

Non-conventional Energy Sources in Indian’s Perspective

Renewable sources are renewable, sustainable, abundant and environmentally friendly.

Conventional

This article evaluates benefits and challenges of various energy sources, including solar, nuclear, wind, and more. Some energy sources are cleaner than others. However, all of them have an impact on the environment. You will be surprised to see that, during the manufacturing of parts, some green technologies may pollute and increase the greenhouse effect more than traditional energy sources. Technologies that are clean as they operate but have a great impact on the environment when they are manufactured especially regarding emission of potent greenhouse gases need more research before being widely adopted. In addition, a thorough analysis of what our planet will look like after the full adoption of these technologies is of utmost importance so future generations are not left in a deadlock. We invite you to share your research with the community by posting it online as a preprint.

Extracting coal, oil and gas is dangerous and can be polluting; and these fossil fuels are non-renewable. As we use up easily-accessible sources of coal, oil and gas extracting them becomes harder, more expensive and more dangerous. While the Paris Agreement marked a significant recognition of the efforts needed to reduce global CO emissions to near pre-industrial temperatures, the UN Environment Programme report remarks that global greenhouse gas emissions will need to fall drastically by 7. Rising Tide UK is a network of groups and individuals dedicated to taking local action and building a movement against climate change, and their website includes lots of easily understandable information. There is much more in the Green Choices feature on Climate Change: your choices , written specially for Green Choices by an expert at Edinburgh University. Nuclear power is extremely expensive to produce, requires great attention to safety because of the risks from radioactivity, has the potential for catastrophic accidents such as the one at Chernobyl in , and produces waste products which require looking after for thousands of years.

In recent years, calls for a stalwart shift toward renewable non-conventional natural resources as sources of energy have increased. Potential players in the renewable non-conventional energy sector include solar, wind, algae, geothermal, nuclear, hydropower and ocean tidal or wave alternatives. While these non-conventional options show promise, they have their drawbacks. For a number of these non-conventional energy sources, the weather, atmospheric conditions and the environment have to cooperate for harnessing their energy. Wind might be in short supply for wind turbines, or cloud cover might interfere with solar energy collection. Geothermal plants have been known to deplete their energy source, sometimes unpredictably. This inconsistency and low reliability can be costly, especially when the goal is to convert an energy source into electricity for power distribution.


Conventional Energy Sources. Dr. Anubha Goel Sources derived from a primary source like • Electricity Advantages and Disadvantages. © Brooks/​Cole.


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Conventional and Non-Conventional Sources of Energy

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Caridad C.

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Two major sources of energy are conventional sources and non-conventional sources. Following are the two disadvantages of conventional energy sources: It is not Below are some advantages of non-conventional sources of energy.

Courtney L.

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What are the costs (direct and indirect) of using these sources? Are there viable alternative sources of fuel? • What is the current cost of crude oil and other forms of.

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